The Role of Management in Open Data Initiatives in Local Governments: Opening the Organizational Black Box

Keywords: Open data, role of management, organizational forms, institutional arrangements, environment, technology enactment framework, process model of computing change

Abstract

Previous studies have infrequently addressed the dynamic interactions among social, technical, and organizational variables in open government data initiatives. In addition, organization level models have neglected to explain the role of management in decision-making processes about technology and data. This article contributes to addressing this gap in the literature by analyzing the complex relationships between open government data characteristics and the organizations and institutions in which they are embedded. We systematically compare the open data inception and implementation processes, as well as their main results, in three Spanish local governments (Gava and Rubi in Catalonia and Gijon in Asturias) by using a model that combines the technology enactment framework with some specific constructs and relationships from the process model of computing change. Our resulting model is able to identify and explain the significant role of management in shaping and mediating different interactions, but also acknowledges the importance of organizational level variables and the context in which the open data initiative is taking place.

Author Biographies

Mila Gasco-Hernandez, University at Albany - SUNY
Mila Gasco-Hernandez is a Research Associate Professor of Public Administration and Policy and the Associate Research Director of the Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany, State University of New York. Her research interests include electronic and open government, e-governance, public sector innovation, smart cities, and public policy evaluation.
Jose Ramon Gil-Garcia, University at Albany - SUNY

J. Ramon Gil-Garcia is an Associate Professor of Public Administration and Policy and the Research Director of the Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany, State University of New York. His research interests include collaborative digital government, smart cities and smart governments, adoption and implementation of emergent technologies, digital divide policies, and multi-method research approaches.

Published
2018-10-29
How to Cite
Gasco-Hernandez, M., & Gil-Garcia, J. R. (2018). The Role of Management in Open Data Initiatives in Local Governments: Opening the Organizational Black Box. JeDEM - EJournal of EDemocracy and Open Government, 10(1), 1- 22. https://doi.org/10.29379/jedem.v10i1.495
Section
Research Papers