JeDEM - eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government 2019-12-18T09:10:37-08:00 Noella Edelmann & Judith Schossböck (Managing Editors) Open Journal Systems <p>The eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government (JeDEM) is an Open Access e-journal offering a rigorous double-blind peer-review. Submitting to and publishing in JeDEM is free of charge (no processing charges or APCs).</p> <p>The journal aims to bridge innovative, insightful and stimulating research, testing and findings with practice and the work conducted by governments, NPOs, NGOs and professionals. JeDEM encourages articles which come from different disciplines or adopt an interdisciplinary approach, including eVoting, ePolitics, eSociety, business IT, applied computer gaming and simulation, cyberpsychology, usability, decision sciences, marketing, economics, psychology, sociology, media studies, communication studies, political science, philosophy, law, policy, legislation, and ethics. JeDEM provides up-to-date articles with ideas to be discussed, used and implemented, whilst at the same time also being a repository of knowledge. We encourage a diversity of methods and theoretical lenses, including critical studies in these thematic fields.</p> <p>We publish theoretical, practical and empirical research in the categories research papers, invited papers, project descriptions and reflections. Authors can submit to JeDEM as response to a special issue call for papers or as an ongoing submission. For publication sections and their policies as well as information on indexing see the section&nbsp;<a title="About the Journal" href="/index.php/jedem/about" target="_self">About the Journal</a>.</p> <p>What are the main benefits of publishing with JeDEM?</p> <ul> <li class="show">Our journal is truely open access: Publishing and reading is free of charge.</li> <li class="show">JeDEM publishes a variety of publications: ongoing and completed research articles are selected after a rigorous blind peer review by experts in the field. We also publish reflections and project descriptions.</li> <li class="show">JeDEM is indexed with <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EBSCO</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google scholar</a>, <a href="">Scopus</a> and the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Public Knowledge Project metadata harvester</a>. Each article is identified with a <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOI (Digital Object Identifier). </a></li> <li class="show">Due to the online publishing format, our publication process is comparably quicker than the one of traditional journals.</li> <li class="show">Papers published as conference proceedings and articles that are not peer-reviewed can be extended and re-used for further publication, e.g. as regular peer-reviewed journal article.</li> </ul> Local open government: opportunities and challenges in terms of impact and participation. 2019-12-18T09:07:36-08:00 Renato Manuel Berrino Malaccorto Maricel Lonati <p>Through this reflection we propose to investigate and explore the possibilities offered by the implementation of open government policies in the local dimension, focusing particularly on: 1) the impact generated by open government initiatives in the improvement of processes, delivery of public services and quality of life of citizens; 2) the potential of these tools to advance in opening policies that involve the different branches of the State; 3) the possibilities offered by closeness in local governments to encourage and diversify citizen participation, and to empower the community as a driver of innovation; 4) the lessons and challenges that the implementation of these tools leave in subnational governments.</p> 2019-12-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Renato Manuel Berrino Malaccorto, Maricel Lonati Outcome Indicator Matrix (OIM): a Tool to Assess National Action Plans 2019-12-18T09:08:02-08:00 Manuel Zometa <p>: The Outcome Indicator Matrix (OIM) (MIR in Spanish) is a tool that has been adapted by the Universidad de El Salvador (UES) to monitor commitments in national action plans (NAPs). It has been used to assess all commitments presented to the Open Government Partnership (OGP) by the Government of El Salvador that are in its NAP. The OIM-MIR is a result of integrating the logical framework method, used by many governments and public institutions and the focus of the Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) (OECD, 2018), which international organizations such as the OECD use to organize actions and procedures to produce a specific outcome.</p> 2019-12-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Manuel Zometa Open Governance as a Tool for Strengthening the System of e-Democracy in Georgia 2019-12-18T09:09:17-08:00 Tatia Nikvashvili <p>Democracy is rule by people, but not every individual is directly involved in governance. Therefore, open governance must be a minimum standard for democracy. The Open Government Partnership supports the practical implementation of open government. Georgia became member in 2011, and implemented numerous reforms to strengthen good governance. This paper will analyze the achievements, key challenges, and the quality of participation, of Georgian national action plans. This will strengthen the practical assessment of open governance in the development process. This paper will examine action plans, monitoring reports, the OGP flagship database, and other sources. Furthermore, readers can find possible answers to the pertinent question of what are the innovative approaches that strengthen the role of citizens in Georgia.</p> 2019-12-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Tatia Nikvashvili Open Government and Citizen Participation: Perceptions between Civil Society Organizations and Government. 2019-12-18T09:10:10-08:00 Edgar Alejandro Ruvalcaba-Gomez <p><em>The concepts of citizen participation and open government (OG) are increasingly being used by politicians, government officials, and civil society organizations (CSOs). However, there are differences about how the concepts are assumed and used by different social actors. The objective of this research is to analyze the perception of citizen participation and open government from the perspectives of two fundamental sectors: CSOs and government using the State of Jalisco, Mexico as a case study. The research question is: How are citizen participation and open government perceived in the State of Jalisco by civil society organizations and the government? This research presents statistical results of a survey given to members of civil society and public officials involved in OG actions. The results show a huge gap between the perceptions of government officials and CSOs; this affects the relationship between the two sectors, which can impede development and implementation of public policies.</em></p> 2019-12-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Edgar Alejandro Ruvalcaba The Codes of Ethics in the Public Sector and the Incorporation of Values that Promote Open Government 2019-12-18T09:08:51-08:00 Magdalena Calderón Rafael Araya <p>The objective of this study is to analyze the Codes of Ethics in force in public entities in Chile in the light of the open government principles: transparency, participation and accountability. In order to do so, a sample of formally approved codes of ethics in public entities of the central government of Chile and published on the website <a href=""></a> was analyzed using a qualitative methodological design. Through a content analysis applied to a selection of the Institutional Codes of Ethics studied, it is possible to point out that in general the principles of open government are not directly or clearly integrated into the codes. A relevant result refers to the use of these codes as an instrument for human resource management, especially in relation to specific problems faced by agencies. Finally, limitations and projections are discussed.</p> 2019-12-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Magdalena Calderón, Rafael Araya Local Open Government Model for Rural Municipalities 2019-12-18T09:08:26-08:00 Carlos Aguilar Volta <p>The Open Government; understood as a management paradigm or model, has managed to position itself as a key formula to the fight against corruption and distrust of public institutions; becoming an ally of public integrity. In spite of the advances in this matter from nations and its multilateral network, the Alliance for Open Government, it is in local governments where it may express better the scope and impact on people. In this regard, the present work shows the experience of developing a model of Local Open Government from the experience of the Chilean Municipality of Calle Larga, where the main opportunities and barriers that are in a rural context were detected in order to propose the implementation of an alternative model of Open Government in local administrations.</p> 2019-12-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Carlos Aguilar Volta Politics, technology, and accountability: The Transparency Façade of Open Government Data Reforms in Paraguay 2019-12-18T09:10:37-08:00 David Riveros García <p>Governments have adopted the rhetoric of promoting transparency, citizen engagement, and accountability through technological innovation. The provision of open government data has been encouraged as a foundational reform in that direction. This study argues that, in Paraguay’s education sector, these reforms were never capable of matching said rhetoric. Using a case study design, the research shows that the stated goals of intuitively simplifying information to facilitate citizen monitoring of funds for education infrastructure were never realistically attempted by the government. It will advocate the relevance of considering the relationship between politics, accountability, and technology to uncover transparency façades.</p> 2019-12-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 David Riveros García Open Governance and Duality of Technology: The open data designer-user disconnect in the Philippines 2019-12-18T09:09:43-08:00 Ruth Angelie Cruz Hong Joo Lee <p>This paper builds on the data designer (government) and local data-user concepts in terms of “technological duality.” This model applies Orlikowski’s structurational model of technology that extends basic ideas about interactions of organizations and information communication technology (ICT). The model is supported by its application to multiple interpretative case studies of the Philippine Open Government initiative. It was evidenced that open government data as a technology is subjective—understood and interpreted inconsistently by the government and data users and therefore creates a disconnect between them. Based on the cases presented, it is proposed that a two-way open governance model will be a more effective approach in developing a truly open government. This reinforces the role of user-side stakeholders as they have the interest, expertise, and resources to utilize open data and can therefore build networks with more users within their respective fields that government initiatives may not be able to reach.</p> 2019-12-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Ruth Angelie Cruz, Hong Joo Lee Editorial JeDEM Vol. 11, No. 2 (2019) 2019-12-18T09:07:10-08:00 Mary Francoli Noella Edelmann 2019-12-18T00:00:00-08:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Mary Francoli; Noella Edelmann