JeDEM - eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government <p>The eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government (JeDEM) is an Open Access e-journal offering a rigorous double-blind peer-review. Submitting to and publishing in JeDEM is free of charge (no processing charges or APCs).</p> <p>The journal aims to bridge innovative, insightful and stimulating research, testing and findings with practice and the work conducted by governments, NPOs, NGOs and professionals. JeDEM encourages articles which come from different disciplines or adopt an interdisciplinary approach, including eVoting, ePolitics, eSociety, business IT, applied computer gaming and simulation, cyberpsychology, usability, decision sciences, marketing, economics, psychology, sociology, media studies, communication studies, political science, philosophy, law, policy, legislation, and ethics. JeDEM provides up-to-date articles with ideas to be discussed, used and implemented, whilst at the same time also being a repository of knowledge. We encourage a diversity of methods and theoretical lenses, including critical studies in these thematic fields.</p> <p>We publish theoretical, practical and empirical research in the categories research papers, invited papers, project descriptions and reflections. Authors can submit to JeDEM as a response to a special issue call for papers or as an ongoing submission. For publication sections and their policies as well as information on indexing see the section <a title="About the Journal" href="" target="_self">About the Journal</a>.</p> <p><strong>What are the main benefits of publishing with JeDEM?</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">Our journal is truly open access: Publishing and reading is free of charge.</li> <li class="show">JeDEM publishes a variety of publications: ongoing and completed research articles are selected after a rigorous blind peer review by experts in the field. We also publish reflections and project descriptions.</li> <li class="show">JeDEM is indexed with <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EBSCO</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google scholar</a>, <a href="">Scopus</a> and the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Public Knowledge Project metadata harvester</a>. Each article is identified with a <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOI (Digital Object Identifier). </a></li> <li class="show">Due to the online publishing format, our publication process is comparably quicker than the one of traditional journals.</li> <li class="show">Papers published as articles that are not peer-reviewed can be extended and re-used for further publication, e.g. as regular peer-reviewed journal article.</li> </ul> en-US <p><strong><img src="/public/site/images/csemiczky/cc_by2.png"><br>JeDEM</strong> is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal (ISSN: 2075-9517). All journal content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Austria (CC BY 3.0) License</a>.</p> (Noella Edelmann & Margarita Fourer) (Support Team) Tue, 24 Aug 2021 05:01:38 -0700 OJS 60 Editorial 13(1) Noella Edelmann Copyright (c) 2021 Noella Edelmann Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700 Remote Usability Assessment of Topic Visualization Interfaces with Public Participation Data: A Case Study <p>Citizen participation often faces challenges of transparency and accountability. Visualizations’s usability becomes key for public consultation activities. The tree map is frequently used to disseminate data and to give it back to the population. The purpose of this study is to understand how tree maps and stacked barcharts differ in terms of effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction in tasks, like solving topic categorization and comparison analysis tasks. An experimental design was used to examine user performance based on a task-based usability test. 34 participants interacted remotely with data visualizations from an open 2016 participatory constitution-making process. The ANOVA showed that stacked barcharts work significantly better for comparison tasks than the tree map, but there are no significant differences in regards to categorization tasks. Public participation initiatives should first determine what cognitive operations their users perform before deciding which visualization interfaces will be more useful for the intended public.</p> Ivania Yovanovic, Iñaki Goñi, Constanza Miranda Copyright (c) 2021 Ivania Yovanovic, Iñaki Goñi, Constanza Miranda Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700 The Institutionalization of e-Democracy: Challenges, Risks and Future Directions in an Indian Context <p>This conceptual paper attempts to understand the necessity of intertwining Democracy and e-Democracy for the success of institutionalization of e-Democracy. In this respect, it proposes the "Four-Forces Framework of Democracy" and their Drivers. The paper also explores the challenges that e-Democracy may face in its growth and evolution, highlights the risks involved in ignoring the challenges, and suggests the future direction. In the present scenario, there is a considerable push for Information and Communication Technology (ICT). The paper discusses whether this will lead to the strengthening of people's voice and empowerment of the individual and collective aspirations. Societies in their evolution develop cultural contexts, social and ethnic values. It is a challenge for any e-Democracy to integrate them into its mechanisms. In the Indian context, it is essential to develop foresight on how e-Democracy gears-up to also address various contradictions and conflicts, which are possible due to the digital-divide, multitude of people's aspirations, socio-cultural diversity, space for democratic thinking, etc. Keeping many aspects of Democracy and governance into consideration, the paper focuses on how ICT and e-Democracy will honour people's aspirations in the coming years, to keep the public, individual, and society, vibrant and democratically functioning.</p> Dr. Divya Kirti Gupta, Dr. Ashish Kumar Biswas Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Divya Kirti Gupta, Dr. Ashish Kumar Biswas Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700 Bringing the Cross Pressures Thesis into the Digital Realm: Subjective Social Network Heterogeneity and Online Political Expression <p>Approaches to social network heterogeneity in political communication research tend to focus on the effect of accumulated interactions among individuals with different political views. This line of research has provided a number of rich insights into the nature of the relationship between sociality and political participation. At the same time, this research tradition has been hampered by inconsistent terminology, and it has not been updated to reflect the fact that the experience of engaging with politics through digital media produces a unique subjective experience wherein the user is made to address an imagined audience with a perceived set of characteristics. In this study I aim to accomplish three main objectives. First, I propose an adjustment to the conceptual framework used in the literature. Second, I introduce the concept of subjective social network heterogeneity to describe perceived heterogeneity in the political views of the imagined audience. Third, I investigate the relationship between subjective social network heterogeneity and political expression empirically, through an analysis of original survey data from Japan and South Korea. The results show that differences between the political views of an individual and the perceived political views of the imagined audience depresses political expression on social media in both countries, but that variance in the perceived views of the imagined audience is positively associated with political expression. </p> Matthew Jenkins Copyright (c) 2021 Matthew Jenkins Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700 Social News Use & Citizen Participation among Young Activists in Singapore <p>This article presents a study of how civically engaged young adults engage with news on social media, within the context of a developing democracy – Singapore. Based on in-depth interviews with 20 young activists, it discusses how they approach social media as a source of news, what motivates them to engage in more than one social news platform, and how social news use fits into their political lexicon. The results reveal that despite their affinity towards news-related content on social media, they are neither partial towards mainstream, nor alternative news providers on this medium. Their primary social news platform is perceived to offer the best means to disseminate news-related information. However, they are also concerned about their privacy and practice certain strategies to mitigate this. Despite its drawbacks, the activists accept social news use as a viable means of political socialisation and mobilisation.<br /><br /></p> Winston Teo Copyright (c) 2021 Winston Teo Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700 Assessing the Role of Leadership Mechanisms for Inter-agency Collaboration and Information Sharing Success in Indonesia <p>Previous studies have identified leadership as an essential factor influencing inter-agency collaboration and information sharing in government settings. This study argues that some unique characteristics of inter-agency information sharing (IIS) initiatives across different jurisdictions and levels of government call for particular types of leadership. Specifically, this study uses data from in-depth interviews with fifteen public officials in Indonesia to better understand the role of leadership in inter-agency collaboration and information sharing initiatives. Findings from the interviews support two leadership mechanisms influencing IIS in Indonesia: executive involvement and exercise of formal authority, whereas the role of informal leaders seems to be less important in this case. It seems that in some developing countries such as Indonesia, informal leaders are not as influential to the success of IIS initiatives as formal ones, due to the influence of organizational culture.</p> Djoko Sigit Sayogo, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia, Sri Budi Cantika Yuli Copyright (c) 2021 Djoko Sigit Sayogo, Sri Budi Cantika Yuli, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700 How to Enable Collaboration in Open Government Data Ecosystems: A Public Platform Provider’s Perspective <p>Open Government Data (OGD) is an important driver for open innovation among public entities. However, extant research highlights a need for improved feedback loops, collaboration, and a more demand-driven publication of OGD. In this study, we explore how public platform providers can address this issue by enabling collaboration within OGD ecosystems, both in terms of the OGD, and any related Open Source Software (OSS) and standards. We conducted an exploratory multiple-case study of four OGD ecosystems with diverse characteristics, using a qualitative research approach. Based on the cases, we present a conceptual model that highlights different attributes of OGD ecosystems that may help public entities in designing and orchestrating new or existing OGD ecosystems. We conclude that enabling collaboration in an OGD ecosystem is a complex exercise yet believe that it offers ways for public entities in how they can leverage open innovation to address their goals and directives.</p> Johan Linåker, Per Runeson Copyright (c) 2021 Johan Linåker, Per Runeson Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700 Digital Citizenship in a Swedish Marginalised Neighbourhood <p>We investigate digital citizenship by exploring attitudes and experiences of digital inclusion and eHealth with data from a survey study based on face-to-face interviews in different languages, in a marginalised hard to survey neighbourhood. Through public eHealth services, people can exercise digital citizenship. We explore differences between the marginalised neighborhood and the national level, and among residents in the neighbourhood, with disaggregated data. The results show that the respondents in Skäggetorp report lower usage of the internet, lower access to smartphones, a somewhat lower usage of BankID, higher concern for surveillance, and a higher number of respondents feel excluded from digital society in comparison to the nationwide survey. The results in the disaggregated data show some differences in attitudes to and experience of digital inclusion among residents in Skäggetorp. We conclude that the studies of digital citizenship need to be broadened to address feeling included, social rights, and difference.</p> Ahmed Kaharevic, Karin Skill Copyright (c) 2021 Ahmed Kaharevic, Karin Skill Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700 I Agree to Terms and Conditions: Negotiating Privacy Online in Central Asia <p>This study explores the formation of privacy as a value for different stakeholders in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Building on fieldwork in the two states, the study represents one of the few attempts to map out the interpretations and practices of privacy in Central Asia. The rapid digitalization processes unfolding in these two countries, which have similar cultural and historical roots, provide an illustrative setting of how privacy can be scrutinized in dissimilar political contexts, how its value is defined by the policies of the past, and what the apparent and dormant risks for society are. </p> Malika Toqmadi, Natalia Zakharchenko Copyright (c) 2021 Natalia Zakharchenko, Malika Toqmadi Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700 Machine learning in Governments: Benefits, Challenges and Future Directions <p>The unprecedented increase in computing power and data availability has signifi-cantly altered the way and the scope that organizations make decisions relying on technologies. There is a conspicuous trend that organizations are seeking the use of frontier technologies with the purpose of helping the delivery of services and making day-to-day operational deci-sions. Machine learning (ML) is the fastest growing and at the same time, the most debated and controversial of these technologies. Although there is a great deal of research in the literature related to machine learning applications, most of them focus on the technical aspects or pri-vate sector use. The governmental machine learning applications suffer the lack of theoretical and empirical studies and unclear governance framework. This paper reviews the literature on the use of machine learning by government, aiming to identify the benefits and challenges of wider adoption of machine learning applications in the public sector and to propose the direc-tions for future research.</p> Yulu Pi Copyright (c) 2021 Yulu Pi Tue, 24 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -0700