Towards Enhancing Citizens Engagement: A Review of Parliamentary Websites in the 36 State Houses of Assembly in Nigeria


  • Abdulsalam Salihu Mustafa Khazar University
  • Mahammad Sharifov Khazar University



State Assembly, Legislature, Website, Social Media, Citizens Participation, ICT


Parliaments represent the interests of citizens, and so remain critical to democracy and good governance. Therefore, for effective citizens’ engagement, ensuring online presence, and enhancing transparency of internal processes, parliaments’ leverage on Information and Communication Technology is of paramount importance globally. This study investigates the contents of official parliamentary websites in the 36 State Houses of Assembly of Nigeria to determine how they facilitate effective engagement between citizens and their elected representatives. The methodology used includes manual testing based on categories and critical sub-factors in line with Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) Guidelines. Desk research was also used to determine technical challenges for the implementation of e-parliament. The findings reveal that only 36% of the State Assemblies have official websites. Five are fully functional, and just five state legislatures effectively utilize interactive tools to re-engage the citizens. Results show that 58% of the state legislatures use social media tools such as Facebook and Twitter. The authors conclude that in enhancing civic participation, state legislatures need to provide a relatively open, more responsive, accessible, and interactive website while extending social medial tools.


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Author Biography

Abdulsalam Salihu Mustafa, Khazar University

Abdulsalam Mustafa, is a Researcher at Department of Computer Science & Engineering in Khazar University since 2017.  Abdulsalam completed his BSc and MSc Computer Science at University of Hertfordshire. His research interests lie in e-parliament, ranging from concept to design to implementation; big data, IoT, e-government, mobile networks and Computer Security. Abdulsalam is the instructor for undergraduate courses on Computer Applications for Engineering, Operation Systems; and master’s courses on Internet Architecture and Wireless Communication.




How to Cite

Mustafa, A. S., & Sharifov, M. (2018). Towards Enhancing Citizens Engagement: A Review of Parliamentary Websites in the 36 State Houses of Assembly in Nigeria. JeDEM - EJournal of EDemocracy and Open Government, 10(2), 97–111.



Research Papers