The disempowering Goverati: e-Aristocrats or the Delusion of e-Democracy


  • Ismael Peña-López



goverati, eReadiness, eDemocracy, politics, institutions, governance, government, eGovernment, participation, e-Participation, digital competences


When disaffection on political parties and politicians is pervasive, most argue whether it could be possible, thanks to the Internet – and Information and Communication Technologies in general – forget the mainstream political system and let the citizenry express their own opinion, debate in virtual agorae and vote their representatives and policy choices directly. In other words, the claim is whether the actual intermediaries can be replaced by citizen networks or, in the limit, just be overridden.
Our aim in the following lines is to (1) explain that some dire (socioeconomic) changes are actually taking place,(2) why these socioeconomic changes are taking place and (3) infer, from this, what conditions shall take place in the future for (4) another wave of changes to happen that could eventually a much acclaimed new (e-)democracy.
In a last section, we will discuss that despite lack of data, the trend seems to be just in the direction of the impoverishment of democracy, partly due to the weakening of political institutions.


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Author Biography

Ismael Peña-López

School of Law and Political Science




How to Cite

Peña-López, I. (2011). The disempowering Goverati: e-Aristocrats or the Delusion of e-Democracy. JeDEM - EJournal of EDemocracy and Open Government, 3(1), 1-21.



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